#GoogleBarge by Hacksperger

Situar estaciones flotantes de datos en aguas internacionales sobre barcazas o plataformas móviles. Conexión inalámbrica por medio de globos o fundamentalmente mediante satélites.

Pequeñas Repúblicas Google Independientes y autónomas navegando por todo el globo como portadatos.

#GoogleBarge  San Francisco Bay
mysterious floating barges that Google has off the coast of Maine and California
Google Barge … A floating data center? A wild party boat? A barge housing the last remaining dinosaur? Sadly, none of the above. Although it’s still early days and things may change, we’re exploring using the barge as an interactive space where people can learn about new technology.

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La alta mar o aguas internacionales, según lo establece la Convención de Derecho del Mar, constituye todas las partes del mar no incluidas en la zona económica exclusiva, en el mar territorial o en las aguas interiores de un Estado, ni en las aguas archipelágicas de un Estado archipelágico.

Naturaleza jurídica[editar · editar código]

En su art. 87 la Convención proclama el principio de que: “La alta mar está abierta a todos los Estados, sean ribereños o sin litoral. La libertad de la alta mar se ejercerá en las condiciones fijadas por esta Convención y por las otras normas de derecho internacional. Comprenderá, entre otras, para los Estados ribereños y los Estados sin litoral:
  • La libertad de navegación.
  • La libertad de sobrevuelo;
  • La libertad de tender cables y tuberías submarinos…;
  • La libertad de construir islas artificiales y otras instalaciones permitidas por el derecho internacional;
  • La libertad de pesca;
  • La libertad de investigación científica…”
Por otra parte se establece que la alta mar será utilizada exclusivamente con fines pacíficos (art. 88) y que ningún Estado podrá pretender legítimamente someter cualquier parte de la alta mar a su soberanía. Por estas y otras razones podemos colegir que la naturaleza jurídica del alta mar es la de “patrimonio común de la humanidad”.
Al amparo de lo antes mencionado se han dado casos muy particulares de evasión de leyes de los gobiernos establecidos, ya que estos no poseen jurisdicción alguna en esta zona, por ejemplo el barco-clínica de abortos Aurora, o los casinos flotantes.
The terms international waters or trans-boundary waters apply where any of the following types of bodies of water (or their drainage basins) transcend international boundaries: oceanslarge marine ecosystems, enclosed or semi-enclosed regional seas and estuariesriverslakesgroundwater systems (aquifers), and wetlands.[1]
Oceans, seas, and waters outside of national jurisdiction are also referred to as the high seas or, in Latinmare liberum (meaning free seas).
Ships sailing the high seas are generally under the jurisdiction of the flag state (if there is one);[2] however, when a ship is involved in certain criminal acts, such as piracy,[3] any nation can exercise jurisdiction under the doctrine of universal jurisdiction. International waters can be contrasted with internal watersterritorial waters and exclusive economic zone.



(Full texts)





The States Parties to this Convention,
Prompted by the desire to settle, in a spirit of mutual understanding and cooperation, all issues relating to the law of the sea and aware of the historic significance of this Convention as an important contribution to the maintenance of peace, justice and progress for all peoples of the world,
Noting that developments since the United Nations Conferences on the Law of the Sea held at Geneva in 1958 and 1960 have accentuated the need for a new and generally acceptable Convention on the law of the sea,
Conscious that the problems of ocean space are closely interrelated and need to be considered as a whole,
Recognizing the desirability of establishing through this Convention, with due regard for the sovereignty of all States, a legal order for the seas and oceans which will facilitate international communication, and will promote the peaceful uses of the seas and oceans, the equitable and efficient utilization of their resources, the conservation of their living resources, and the study, protection and preservation of the marine environment,
Bearing in mind that the achievement of these goals will contribute to the realization of a just and equitable international economic order which takes into account the interests and needs of mankind as a whole and, in particular, the special interests and needs of developing countries, whether coastal or land-locked,
Desiring by this Convention to develop the principles embodied in resolution 2749 (XXV) of 17 December 1970 in which the General Assembly of the United Nations solemnly declared inter aliathat the area of the seabed and ocean floor and the subsoil thereof, beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, as well as its resources, are the common heritage of mankind, the exploration and exploitation of which shall be carried out for the benefit of mankind as a whole, irrespective of the geographical location of States,
Believing that the codification and progressive development of the law of the sea achieved in this Convention will contribute to the strengthening of peace, security, cooperation and friendly relations among all nations in conformity with the principles of justice and equal rights and will promote the economic and social advancement of all peoples of the world, in accordance with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations as set forth in the Charter,
Affirming that matters not regulated by this Convention continue to be governed by the rules and principles of general international law,
Have agreed as follows:

Google-backed project aims to give 3 billion more people Net access

Google, Liberty Global, and HSBC, are working to build a satellite system to help bring Internet access to those lacking first-world network infrastructure.
Google, Liberty Global, and HSBC are backing a start-up called O3b Networks named for its ambition to bring Internet access to the “other 3 billion” people who lack it today.
The effort has begun initial production of 16 low-cost satellites that collectively will provide an Internet backbone to places lacking high-speed networking cable, including emerging markets in Asia, Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East, O3b said. The satellites will link with ground stations such as cell towers or WiMax stations that actually reach the customers.
“The O3b Networks system will completely change the economics of telecommunications infrastructure in the world’s fastest-growing markets for communications services,” O3b said in a statement Tuesday.
The service should become active in 2010, the company said, and more satellites are a future option.
Google has aggressively pushed for more widespread Internet access, including municipal Wi-Fi and other wireless networking, which the company believes will increase its user base and its engagement with online services. That of course also could help sustain growth in Google’s ad business.
“O3B’s model empowers local entrepreneurs and companies to deliver Internet and mobile services to those in currently under served or remote locations at speeds necessary to power rich web based applications,” said Larry Alder, product manager for Google’s Alternative Access Team, in a statement.

Introducing Project Loon: Balloon-powered Internet access

The Internet is one of the most transformative technologies of our lifetimes. But for 2 out of every 3 people on earth, a fast, affordable Internet connection is still out of reach. And this is far from being a solved problem. 

There are many terrestrial challenges to Internet connectivity—jungles, archipelagos, mountains. There are also major cost challenges. Right now, for example, in most of the countries in the southern hemisphere, the cost of an Internet connection is more than a month’s income.
Solving these problems isn’t simply a question of time: it requires looking at the problem of access from new angles. So today we’re unveiling our latest moonshot from Google[x]: balloon-powered Internet access.


A Russian Soyuz-STB rocket launched from Kourou in French Guiana today, 25th June 2013 at 19:27 UTC. This was the first Soyuz launch from Kourou this year and the 5th overall.

The rocket carried the first four satellites of the O3b Constellation. O3b will provide internet access for hard to reach parts of the world. 8 more O3b satellites will launch in a further two launches later this year and then in 2014.

Launch comes just hours after another Soyuz launch from Baikonur. Watch that here:…

O3B Networks


NEWThe first four revolutionary satellites of the O3B satellite network are scheduled

O3b 1
The O3b satellites of Jersey, Channel Islands based O3b Networks Limited will offer low latency Internet backhaul to emerging markets and developing countries worldwide at speeds up to 10 Gbps with a combined total capacity in excess of 160 Gbps. Thales Alenia Space started design activities under contract in 2007 and has received Authorization To Proceed (ATP) with the construction phase of the project. The delivery of the initial satellites and service activation are scheduled for late 2010.
O3b Networks recently announced the new satellite network with support and funding from Google, Inc, Liberty Global, Inc., and HSBC Principal Investments. Bridging the gap between current satellites and fiber optic cables, O3b Networks will provide fiber-like trunking capacity to telecom operators and backhaul directly to 3G Cellular and WiMAX towers.
The space vehicle is designed, integrated and tested, by Thales Alenia Space. Leveraging the heritage redundant service module design and manufactured utilizing an innovative island production approach. The unique payload system design enables flexibility of antenna usage and graceful degradation. The first eight space vehicles were planned be in orbit by 4th quarter, 2010, but were delayed to 2013.
The Ka-Band payload is designed to enable the high speed flow of data between locations on the ground. Twelve fully steerable antennas ensure an optimized connection to the area where data is needed. The payload portion uses existing Ka-Band repeater technology to allow for straightforward allocation of the bandwidth anywhere within the 500 km diameter area on the ground which is illuminated.
The flexible configuration of the satellite allows for inter-antenna data transfer in a variety of ways. Thus, trunking between two points is simple, or trunking between many points is also possible. The steerable antennas can be moved onto a location in minutes and each provide up to 1.25 Gbps of throughput.
The service module provides platform three axis pointing stabilization. The 3-axis control is provided by a combination reaction wheels, torque rods and reaction engine assemblies. Attitude determination is provided by earth and fine sun sensors in conjunction with an inertial measurement unit. A GPS Navigation Unit provides orbit position. Power is supplied by two gallium arsenide solar arrays and a Li-Ion battery.
Thales Alenia Space announced in September 2008 it has started construction of eight of its Low Earth Orbit communications satellites with options for additional spacecraft. In November 2011, four more satellites were ordered to be launched in 2014.
The satellites were originally to be launched on Zenit-3SL (2) boosters, but changed in 2009 to Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT boosters.
The first launch in june 2013 orbited four satellites. Two of the satellites of this launch suffered some low-voltage events in their power supply, leading to a delay of the second launch into 2013.
Nation: UK (Channel Islands)
Type / Application: Communication
Operator: O3b Neworks Ltd.
Contractors: Thales Alenia Space
Equipment: 12 Ka-Band transponders
Configuration: ELiTeBus
Propulsion: Hydrazine monopropellant, 8 × 1 N thrusters
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime: 10 years
Mass: 700 kg
Orbit: 7825 km, 0°
Satellite Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
O3b FM1 25.06.2013 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b FM2, FM4, FM5
O3b FM2 25.06.2013 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b PFM, FM4, FM5
O3b FM3 2014 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b FM6, FM7, FM8
O3b FM4 25.06.2013 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b PFM, FM2, FM5
O3b FM5 25.06.2013 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b PFM, FM2, FM4
O3b FM6 2014 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b FM3, FM7, FM8
O3b FM7 2014 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b FM3, FM6, FM8
O3b FM8 2014 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b FM3, FM6, FM7
O3b FM9 2014 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b FM10, FM11, FM12
O3b FM10 2014 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b FM9, FM11, FM12
O3b FM11 2014 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b FM9, FM10, FM12
O3b FM12 2014 Ko ELS Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT with O3b FM9, FM10, FM11
O3b FM13 with
O3b FM14 with
O3b FM15 with
O3b FM16 with


ViaSat paves the way with mobile broadband antennas that deliver two-way IP communications in light to large aircraft, ground vehicles, and maritime vessels, keeping users productive and informed on numerous mobile commercial and military platforms. Whether you’re at 40,000 feet or driving leisurely through the countryside, we keep you connected.


Norsat’s Low Noise Blocks (LNBs) provide signal reception for satellite communication around the world.  Norsat LNBs feature:
  • The industry’s best LO (Local Oscillator) stability
  • High performance for any application
  • Excellent availability and short lead times
We also offer custom LNB solutions; please contact us for details.


PDFSpec Sheet

Continuara…. by Hacksperger

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