The Castor Project [ natural gas storage ] DOCUMENT by Hacksperger


The Castor Project is a submarine natural gas storage facility able to contain 1,3 Billion cubic meters of gas: 3 months consumption of the Spanish region of Valencia.






WEB: http://www.proyectocastor.com/

PDFhttp://www.castello2020.uji.es/wp/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/UJI.pdf

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Vuelven a pedir la paralización del Proyecto Castor

Ecologistas en Acción ya pedía su paralización en unas alegaciones presentadas contra el proyecto en octubre de 2008.
Antecedentes:
Después de que el proyecto CASTOR se presentara sin tiempo suficiente para estudiarlo dada su dimensión y obligando a presentar alegaciones deprisa y corriendo, incumpliendo la ley 27/2006 de acceso a la información ciudadana en materia ambiental, ahora hemos podido comprobar que tal como había advertido Ecologistas en Acción éste es un proyecto peligroso para las personas, que el Estudio de Impacto Ambiental del proyecto minimizó los riesgos derivados del mismo y que las valoraciones hechas no estuvieron acertadas.
Protección Civil de Cataluña (DGPC) ha advertido que no se puede descartar una “tendencia creciente” de la magnitud de los seísmos que se están produciendo los últimos días al sur de las Tierras del Ebro, a pesar de que no se han logrado niveles de intensidad susceptibles de producir daños.
Lo afirma en un comunicado en el que explica que los terremotos se están produciendo en una falla en el interior del mar ante la costa de Castelló.
Ante estos hechos Ecologistas en Acción quiere hacer saber a la opinión pública lo siguiente:
  1. A nuestro entender no hay ninguna duda sobre la relación entre la inyección de gas al almacenaje subterráneo del proyecte CASTOR y los terremotos que se han sucedido después.
  2. Este tipo de proyectos pone en peligro la vida de las personas, dadas las consecuencias que podemos observar de su ejecución pero también de la riqueza ambiental de la zona que se ve amenazada por su actividad.
  3. CASTOR tampoco ha tenido en cuenta el convenio internacional Aarhus que está firmado por el Estado español sobre participación ciudadana e investigación de consenso alrededor de un proyecto de estas características.
  4. El proyecto de almacenaje submarino de gas ha sido declarado por el estado español `de interés comunitario y de importancia nacional´, lo cual ha repercutido en un desprecio a la participación ciudadana en el periodo de exposición del proyecto y en una carencia de seguridad en su ejecución.
Por todo este conjunto de irregularidades en su tramitación y gestión y por las consecuencias que hemos podido ver, que ponen en peligro la vida de las personas y destruyen la riqueza ambiental y paisajística de la zona afectada, Ecologistas en Acción pide la paralización definitiva de este proyecto.
Así mismo, la organización se suma y quiere expresar su total apoyo a las movilizaciones y protestas ciudadanas que están teniendo lugar en las zonas afectadas y alertar sobre proyectos de similares características que se quieren desarrollar en Cataluña como es el proyecto Berlin previsto a les cavidades salinas del Bages, o como es la explotación de gas mediante la técnica de fractura hidráulica (fracking), por la peligrosidad demostrada que comporta la inyección de agua a presión o gas en estructuras del subsuelo.

ACTIVIDAD SISMICA

http://mvod.lvlt.rtve.es/resources/TE_SR5INFO/mp3/3/0/1380641993603.mp3

 


El colegio de geólogos relaciona el proyecto Castor con los seísmos de Tarragona y Castellón



01 oct 2013


Luis Eugenio Suárez, presidente del Colegio Oficial de Geólogos de España ha asegurado en Radio 5 que “hay una relación clara entre el proyecto Castor de almacenamiento de gas y la serie importante de seísmos” que se han sucedido en Tarragona y Castellón desde el 13 de septiembre y que suman más de 300. Admite que hay una relación directa y habla de “sismicidad inducida”. También ha afirmado que le parece correcta la orden del Ministerio de Industria de suspender la actividad (01/10/13).
 

STRATEGIC NATURAL GAS STORAGE: Completion of construction and commissioning of the Castor project

In July of 2012, SENER completed construction and then commissioned the Castor project, a strategic natural gas (NG) storage plant in Vinaroz, Castellon (Spain), delivering the project on time. >From 2009 SENER worked in a turnkey consortium on the design, construction and commissioning of the project, which belongs to Escal UGS (a subsidiary of the Canadian multinational Eurogas) and the ACS group.
Castor can store gas from the national gas pipeline network in high-pressure periods (injection phase) and return it to the network when, due to an increase in demand or undersupply, network pressure is reduced (withdraw phase). It has a usable storage capacity of 1,300 Nm3, an injection capacity of 8 million Nm3/day and its withdraw capacity is 25 million Nm3/day. It is Spain’s largest offshore storage plant and has one of the largest onshore sweetening units in the world.
The project was delivered on time and on budget, and it also bears pointing out that the construction phase consisted of over 2,600,000 labor hours with an extremely low accident rate.
The Castor project’s design, construction and commissioning all adhered to the international quality standards typically followed in the industry, and was certified by Lloyds Register.
Project Chronology:
November 2006 to July 2008: SENER contributs to the conceptual and basic engineering and to the estimate for the investment costs.
March 2009: The EPC contract comes into effect and, as part of the construction consortium, SENER contributs to the building of the onshore plant and to the engineering, procurement, construction and commissioning of the rest of the project.
March 2010: Construction of the onshore operations plant begins.
October 2010: The WellHead Platform (WHP) is installed and starts the drilling campaign.
November 2011: The Process, Utilities and Quarters platform (PUQ) is installed.
July 2012: The commissioning works are completed, the injection tests are conducted, and the client signs the provisional acceptance certificate for the project.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
European Investment Bank welcomes first successful use of project bond credit enhancement and provides EUR 500m for Castor energy storage project in Spain
The first transaction under the Project Bond Credit Enhancement initiative has successfully taken place. Investment in the Castor underground gas storage project, that will provide storage for 30% of Spain’s daily gas consumption, was supported by the successful issue of the first European Investment Bank supported project bond. The EIB will provide a total of EUR 500 million for the project. The Castor project is being developed by ACS Group and Dundee Energy and the promoter is the Spanish Ministry of Industry.
The EUR 1.4 billion bond issue for the Castor project was supported by a EUR 200 million liquidity line under the Project Bond Credit Enhancement Initiative which allowed the project to achieve a credit rating more attractive to investors. The EIB will also purchase EUR 300 million of the bonds as an anchor investor. The issue was placed with a wide range of institutions from across Europe.
“Unlocking the support of institutional investors to provide long-term investment in European infrastructure is crucial for stimulating economic growth and creating new jobs. The European Investment Bank is committed to supporting investment essential for Europe’s future and congratulates Castor for successfully demonstrating how using project bond credit enhancement can enable increased support for long-term investment during challenging economic times. We expect the pilot phase of the joint EIB-European Commission project bond credit enhancement initiative to add a new dimension to the EU Bank’s contribution to infrastructure finance in Europe.” said European Investment Bank President Werner Hoyer.
“Successful issue by Castor of the first project bond is a welcome sign of increasing support for long-term investment essential for sustainable growth in Europe. The project bond initiative is an innovative way to unlock private investment in infrastructure and a key element in helping to boost growth and jobs. The pilot phase is an important first step in view of the next EU financial framework, underlining the role of the EU budget as an engine for growth.” said European Commission Vice President Olli Rehn.
The Europe 2020 Project Bond Initiative, a joint programme by the European Commission and the EIB is designed to stimulate capital market financing for infrastructure delivered under ‘project finance’ structures. The pilot phase will benefit from EUR 230 million from the EU budget and will focus on encouraging capital market investment worth more than EUR 4 billion for transport and energy investment. To benefit from credit enhancement during the pilot phase suitable projects will need to reach financial close between now and the end of 2016, provided that the EIB obtains financing approval by its Board before the end of 2014.
To date nine energy and transport projects eligible for Project Bond Credit Enhancement, in six EU countries, have been approved by the EIB Board. These include motorway projects in Belgium, Germany Slovakia, and the UK, grid connections to offshore wind farms in Germany and the UK, and as well as gas storage facilities in Italy. The Castor project is expected to be followed by additional project bonds later this year and in 2014. Under the project bond model bonds are issued by the project companies themselves, and not the EIB or the Member States. The role of the European Investment Bank is to provide credit enhancement through a subordinated instrument, either a loan or contingent facility, to support the senior debt issued by the project company.
Banco Santander has acted as Global Coordinator in the Castor transaction

Castor project VIDEO

 
                                                                   
                                                                      ANTORCHA
 
 

Prometheus is often associated with Lucifer (portador de la Luz)




The Inter-Alpha Group of Banks was created in 1971 by six banks in the European Community to provide a platform for the regular exchange of ideas and to explore areas for cooperation between its member banks. The group is a non-hierarchical association and is maintained by mutual agreement with each bank retaining full autonomy and independence.
It was one of the banking clubs set up during the 1960s and 1970s when a number of european banks attempted to cooperate at an international level.[1]
Membership of the group has grown to eleven banks, representing 15 European countries:
  • Mauro GuillénThe Rise of Spanish Multinationals, European Business in the Global Economy

Inter-Alpha Group of Banks

 
 

Homeless versus Mansions 0011

Desde la Sombra: Inter-alpha. En busca del poder global (E5)

 
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LAWSUITS PILING UP AGAINST THE ELITE BANKING CARTEL

 
 
 

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